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Understanding Typhoon Warnings And The Responses Of The People In The Coastal Areas Of The First Congressional District Of Albay

Meriem R. Carbone
2005

This research dealt on the understanding and extent in the practices of the responses to typhoon Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 in the coastal areas of the First Congressional District of Albay, in order to help the people understand each signal and determine the suitable responses. Specifically it answered the ff. sub-problems: 1. What is the level of understanding of people to Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 in the coastal areas of the towns of the First Congressional District of Albay as perceived by Fishermen, School Officials, Barangay Officials?  2.) What is the extent of the responses practiced by the people in the coastal areas of the towns of First Congressional District of Albay as perceived by Fishermen, School Officials?  3.) Is there a significant difference in the level of understanding of the people in the coastal areas in the towns of the First Congressional District of Albay to Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 as perceived by Fishermen, School Officials, Barangay Officials?  4.) Is there a significant difference in the rank order in the extent of the responses to Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 as practiced by people in the coastal areas in the town of the First Congressional District of Albay as perceived by Fishermen, School Officials, Barangay Officials?  5.) Is there a significant difference in the rank order in the extent of practice of the response to Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 among the perceptions of fishermen, school officials and barangay officials? This research covered the period for the year 2004. To answer the problems the descriptive method was used with a questionnaire checklist to collect the data from fishermen, school officials and barangay officials. Findings of this study revealed that:  1.) Indicators in Public Storm Warning Signals 1,2,3, and 4 were "much understood" except for Public Storm Warning Signal 4, Indicator 1, which was "very much understood" as perceived by the fishermen, School officials and barangay officials also revealed that the people of the coastal barangay "much understood" Public Storm Warning Signals 1,2,3, and 4 except Public Storm Warning Signal No. 1, Indicator 2 "winds of 30 to 60 kph maybe expected in at least 36 hour," which was only "understood," with a weighted mean of 3.43.  2.) The extent of the responses to Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 were "always" or "often" in Tiwi, Malinao, Tabaco, Malilipot, and Bacacay except in Sto. Domingo, where "advertising the people to take necessary precaution" was "sometimes." Public Storm Warning Signal 1 was "sometimes" as stated by the fishermen. School officials also perceived that the extent on the practice of the responses were "always" or "often" in the coastal areas of the different town but in Malinao it was only "sometimes" for the extent of the responses for Public Storm Warning Signals 3 and 4. Extent in the practice of the responses as perceived by barangay officials was "always" or "often."  However, in Bacacay, it was "sometimes" for all responses to Public Storm Warning Signal 1.  3.) Fishermen, school officials and barangay officials did not differ in their perceptions on the level of understanding of the people to Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 in the coastal areas of the towns in the First Congressional District of Albay.  4.) The rank order in the Extent of the responses to Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 as practiced by the people in the coastal areas of the towns in the First Congressional District of Albay did not differ significantly as perceived by the fishermen. However, school and barangay officials perceived that the responses to Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 as practiced by the people in the coastal areas differed significantly.  5.) Looking into the rank order in the extent of the responses as practiced by the people in the coastal areas the perception of fishermen, school officials and barangay officials were not significantly different for Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 but were significantly different for Public Storm Warning Signal No. 3. Based upon the findings, the ff. conclusions were drawn: 1.) People in the coastal areas of the towns of the First Congressional District of Albay, generally "much understood" Public Storm Warning Signals 1,2,3, and 4 as perceived by fishermen, school officials and barangay officials.  2.) The responses of people in the coastal barangays of the towns in the First Congressional District to Public Storm Warning Signals 1,2,3, and 4 were generally "always" if not "often" as perceived by fishermen, school officials and barangay officials.  3.) The perceptions of fishermen, school officials and barangay officials on the level of understanding of the people in the coastal areas of the barangays in the towns of the First Congressional District were nearly the same. 4.)  To the fishermen, the rank order on the extent of the responses as practiced by the people in the coastal areas to Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 do not differ. While schools and barangay officials perceived that the responses of people to Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, 3, and 4 differed significantly.  5.) The fishermen, school officials and barangay officials did not differ significantly in their perceptions in the rank order of the extent of the responses as practiced to Public Storm Warning Signals 1, 2, and 4 but differ significantly in Public Storm Warning Signal 3. The study recommended the ff.:  1.) Encourage people in the coastal areas to continuously monitor the development of the typhoon through the radio.  2.) Encourage a higher degree of service among barangay officials in the preparation of evacuation centers.  3.) PAGASA should provide materials like PAGASA Bicol comics to the three groups of respondents and other members in the barangay about Public Storm Warning Signals.  4.) Provincial Disaster Coordinating Council (PDCC) and PAGASA should regularly conduct trainings and seminars about disaster preparedness with emphasis on important details about Public Storm Warning Signals 1,2,3, and 4.  5.) Schools should include in their Social Sciences and Science and Technology subjects lessons about typhoon warnings and how to plot in the weather map. 6.) A research study on understanding and response to Typhoon Warning in inland areas of other towns of Albay.